Secondary transmission of varicella vaccine virus in a chronic care facility for children.

“A 16-year-old varicella-seronegative resident at a chronic care facility received varicella vaccine; 15 days later he developed severe varicella. Subsequently, a 13-year-old resident and a 39-year-old health care worker developed mild varicella. We demonstrate that vaccine-strain virus was transmitted to both persons, and that transmission included at least 2 variant vaccine strains.” 

Journal of Pediatrics 2006

An outbreak of varicella in elementary school children with two-dose varicella vaccine recipients–Arkansas, 2006

“BACKGROUND: In June 2006, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) expanded its June 2005 recommendation for a second dose of varicella vaccine during outbreaks to a recommendation for routine school entry second dose varicella vaccination. In October 2006, the Arkansas Department of Health was notified of a varicella outbreak among students where some received a second dose during an outbreak-related vaccination campaign in February 2006.”

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2009

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